Answering Your Frequently Asked Estate Planning Questions
At Kenneth E. Devore & Associates, our clients often ask similar questions regarding estate planning. Below we compiled a list of commonly asked questions and answers. Read on to learn more.
What Is Estate Planning?
A comprehensive estate plan provides how your assets will pass upon your death, who will care for your children, and who will manage your assets and make important decisions on your behalf in the event of your incapacity, with the goal of minimizing costs, court supervision (i.e., Probate), and adverse tax consequences.
What Documents Should Be Included In An Estate Plan?
A typical estate plan (for an individual or married couple) includes a Revocable Living Trust, a “pour-over” Will, a Nomination of a Guardian, a Durable Power of Attorney for Property Management, an Assignment of Assets to Trust, a HIPAA Authorization, and an Advance Health Care Directive.
What Is A Revocable Living Trust?
Think of a Revocable Living Trust as a safe deposit box. You put all of your assets, including your home, cash and investments, inside the box. Only you have the key to your box, and you can take your assets out of the box whenever you please. You can even get rid of the box. Upon your death or incapacity, you pass the key to the box on to someone that you trust to manage your assets during your lifetime and pass them on to your beneficiaries at your death according to your instructions. A properly drafted Revocable Living Trust can be an important estate planning tool for many families, not just the wealthy.
What Happens If I Don’t Have An Estate Plan?
Without an estate plan (or you just have a Will without a Trust) a majority of your assets may be subject to a lengthy, public, and expensive court procedure called Probate upon your death. Without any estate plan, your assets will pass according to state law (which may or may not align with your wishes). Your estate is subject to Probate if you die with real estate in your own name worth more than $20,000 or combined real estate and personal property worth more than $150,000 that does not pass by beneficiary designation. Fees associated with Probate for a $1 million gross estate will total around $48,500 ($23,000 in statutory attorney’s fees, $23,000 in statutory personal representative’s fees, and about $2,500 in filing fees and administrative expenses). Although there will be fees (attorney’s fees, trustee fees, CPA fees, etc.) associated with the administration of a trust, they are normally considerably less than in a formal Probate, and the process usually takes much less time.
How Often Should I Review My Estate Plan?
While establishing an estate plan is an important first step, it is equally important to revisit your plan to be sure that it still reflects your wishes, taking into consideration legal, tax, and family changes that happen from time to time. We recommend reviewing your estate plan if:
- You have not reviewed your plan within the past three years
- Your circumstances or your beneficiaries’ (i.e., health, wealth, family) have changed
- You no longer with for the person or entity currently named as your trustee/executor/agent to act on your behalf
- You have concerns about asset protection
Reviewing the suitability, performance, and beneficiary designations of life insurance policies is extremely valuable. Retirement plan beneficiary designations should also be reviewed, and naming a specially designed retirement plan trust as the beneficiary for asset protection (typically, after the spouse) should be considered.
Where Should I Keep My Estate Planning Documents?
Your original estate planning documents should be kept in a safe place, such as a fireproof box. You should not store your original documents in a safe deposit box unless you have granted someone else access to the box. We strongly suggest that you notify your successor trustee or a trusted family member or friend of the family of the location of your original estate planning documents. Additionally, we provide our clients with a flash drive that contains PDF copies of all of your signed documents should you wish to share them with trusted individuals and family members.
How Should I Protect My Digital Assets?
Digital assets broadly refer to such online assets as email accounts, digital files, social networking accounts, online media and cloud accounts, usernames and passwords for these accounts, and so forth. We strongly recommend keeping a secure list of your user names and passwords so that your trustee or executor can readily access your accounts after your death. It is also crucial that those in charge of your estate have the power and authority to manage those accounts — our estate plans include specific provisions that allow a successor, trustee, or agent to fully access and control your digital assets upon your death or incapacity, although the account’s terms of service agreement may ultimately determine access.